Tumor biology

Research Area

  • MMPs and ADAMs in invasive growth and metastasis of tumors
  • MMPs and ADAMs in skin homeostasis and tissue repair
  • Proteolysis in extracellular matrix remodeling

Research Projects

Over the last few years, it has become evident that the reciprocal interactions of tumor cells with their environment are a crucial step in cancer progression. Understanding the molecular mechanisms by which melanoma manipulates its local environment to invade is instrumental to the identification of new therapeutic approaches. Our group has studied the regulation and functional role of several proteolytic enzymes (MMPs and ADAMs), which allows tumor cells to modify the peritumoral areas to produce a tumor-favorable environment. We made several efforts and contributed to understanding how an altered balance of connective tissue metabolism that disrupts skin homeostasis leads to cancer progression. The overall focus of our current research is to identify authentic substrates and signal cascades initiated by proteases (MMP13, -14 and ADAM-9, -15) and receptors that contribute in different manners to melanoma development, but also to tissue repair and skin homeostasis. To address these issues, we use state-of-the-art in vitro models to study migration, proteolysis, and invasion. Still, we also use mice models of complete protease deletion and various in vivo models for melanoma growth (grafting and spontaneous), tissue repair, and fibrosis (bleomycin-induced). To further uncover the function of MMP-14 and to identify the identity of the cellular source, we generated by conditional gene targeting strategies, several cell-specific deletion mouse models to unravel the function  of MMP-14 in the cell types of the skin.

These mouse models will provide valuable insights into it‘s functional roles during disease including melanoma progression, but also into regeneration, inflammation and fibrosis.

Further studies from our group are aimed to understand how cellular communication between melanoma cells and cells of the microenvironment contribute to alter the microenvironment supporting the response to melanoma therapy and in acquired resistance.

Group Members

Selected Publications

Yeung C-YC, Garva R, Pickard A, Lu Y, Mallikarjun V, Swift J, Taylor SH, Rai J, Eyre DR, Chaturvedi M, Itoh Y, Meng Q-J, Mauch C, Zigrino P and Kadler KE: Mmp14 is required for matrisome homeostasis and circadian rhythm in fibroblasts. Matrix Biol 2023, Dec ;124:8-22. doi: 10.1016/j.matbio.2023.10.002 

Fromme JE, Dummer R, Mauch C, Zigrino P: Tenascin C is a valuable marker for melanoma progression independent of mutational status and MAPK inhibitor therapy. Exp Dermatol. 32(5):707-709, 2023. doi: 10.1111/exd.14717

Kümper, M; Zamek, J; Steinkamp, J; Pach, E; Mauch, C; Zigrino, P: Role of MMP3 and fibroblast -MMP14 in skin homeostasis and repair. European Journal of Cell Biology doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcb.2022.151276, 2022

Daoud M, Broxtermann P, Schorn F, Werthenbach JP, Seeger J, Schiffmann L, Brinkmann K, Vucic D, Tüting T, Mauch C, Kulms D, Zigrino P, and Kashkar H: XIAP promotes melanoma growth by inducing tumour neutrophil infiltration. EMBO Rep. 2022 Jun 7;23(6):e53608. doi: 10.15252/embr.202153608. 

Kümper, M; Hessenthaler, S; Zamek, J; Niland, S; Pach, E; Mauch, C; Zigrino, P: Loss of endothelial cell MMP14 reduces melanoma growth and metastasis by increasing tumor vessel stability. J Invest Dermatol. 2022 Jul;142(7):1923-1933.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.jid.2021.12.016

Pach E, Brinckmann J, Rübsam M, Kümper M, Mauch C, Zigrino P: Fibroblast MMP14-Dependent Collagen Processing Is Necessary for Melanoma Growth. Cancers (Basel). Apr 20;13(8):1984, 2021.

Ayachi O, Barlin M, Broxtermann PN, Kashkar H, Mauch C, Zigrino P: The X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) is involved in melanoma invasion by regulating cell migration and survival. Cell Oncol (Dordr). Jun; 42(3):319-329, 2019

Giebeler N, Schönefuß A, Landsberg J, Tüting T, Mauch C, Zigrino P: "Deletion of ADAM-9 in HGF/CDK4 mice impairs melanoma development and metastasis. Oncogene 36(35):5058-5067 (2017)

Mammadova-Bach E, Zigrino P, Brucker C, Bourdon C, Freund M, De Arcangelis A, Abrams S, Orend G, Gachet C and Mangin PH: Platelet integrin α6β1 controls lung metastasis through direct binding to cancer cell-derived ADAM9. JCI Insight. 1(14):e88245, 2016

Zigrino P, Brinckmann J, Niehoff A, Lu Y, Giebeler N, Eckes B, Kadler KE, Mauch C: Fibroblasts-derived MMP-14 regulates collagen homeostasis in adult skin. J Invest Dermatol, 136(8):1575-83,2016

Taylor SH, Yeung C-J C, Kalson NS, Lu Y, Zigrino P, Starborg T, Warwood S,  Holmes DF, Canty-Laird EG, Mauch C, and Kadler KE: Matrix metalloproteinase 14 is required for fibrous tissue expansion. Elife. 4, doi: 10.7554/eLife.09345, 2015

Witt A, Seeger J, Coutelle O, Zigrino P, Broxtermann P, Andree M, Brinkmann K, Juengst C, Schauss A, Wohlleber D, Knolle P, Krönke M, Mauch C, Schüll S and Kashkar H: IAP antagonization promotes inflammatory destruction of vascular endothelium. EMBO reports 16(6):719-27, 2015

Publikationen Dr. rer. nat. Paola Zigrino